Rethinking post-Covid-19 school design in Brazil: adaptation strategies for public schools PEE-12 FNDE

Authors

Abstract

In 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the disease COVID-19, whose causative virus is SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic. An important measure was the closure of schools in several countries to try to reduce the contagion levels, so that students were not exposed to risk, nor their families. The question that arises within this context is: In school architecture, what are the appropriate design methods to deal with challenges during and after a pandemic? In this scope, the article aimed to propose an adaptive design scenario in the post-pandemic moment for a standard school in Brazil. The methodology was built through a literature review and multidisciplinary research, to later present strategies based on the recommendations of competent bodies and studies focused on the school architecture, design patterns for 21st-century schools, technology and security. The focus was on design challenges in the education field in the post-pandemic moment, and on the adaptation of the school built spaces for the return of activities. The results can help the school community and public agencies in making decisions to face this challenge, recreating safer, user-centered schools.

Author Biographies

Sinara Furlani, Postgraduation Program of Architecture and Urbanism, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, IMED

Master's student of the Post-Graduation Program Stricto Sensu in Architecture and Urbanism at IMED - PPGARQ-IMED, linked to the research line: Morphology, Uses and Appropriations of Buildings and Built Spaces. Graduated in Architecture and Urbanism from the University of Passo Fundo (2014), specialization in Energy Efficiency Applied to Productive Processes from the Federal University of Santa Maria (2017) and specialization in Environmental Management and Sustainable Economics from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul ( 2017).

Grace Tibério Cardoso, Postgraduation Program of Architecture and Urbanism, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, IMED

Graduated in Architecture and Urbanism from the University of São Paulo (USP-2007); Master in Materials Science and Engineering from the Department of Materials Engineering, São Carlos School of Engineering (EESC-USP-2010); PhD in Environmental Engineering Sciences by the Department of Environmental Engineering, of the São Carlos School of Engineering (EESC-USP-2015); and Post-doctorate in Sustainability by the Post-Graduate Program in Sustainability, from the School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities (EACH-USP-2016). He is currently Professor of the Post-Graduation Program Stricto Sensu in Architecture and Urbanism at IMED (PPGARQ-IMED), Research Productivity Scholarship from Fundação Meridional, Passo Fundo / RS - Brazil, researcher in the group of Theory and History of Housing and Housing. Cidade (THAC), and at the Center for Studies and Research on Urban Mobility - NEPMOUR, Editor-in-Chief of the IMED Architecture Magazine (ISSN 2318-1109), ad hoc evaluator on Scientific Initiation projects, and Technological and Innovation Initiation at the University Federal Border Agency (UFFS). Works in the area of Architecture and Urbanism Design, with emphasis on uses and appropriations of buildings and built spaces, mainly in the following themes: Sustainable Architecture and Urbanism, Environmental Psychology and Post-Occupancy Assessment (APO), Climatology applied to the Comfort of Environments and Built Spaces, Thermal Behavior and Performance of Constructive Materials and Buildings.

Downloads

Published

2021-04-09

Issue

Section

Reflections on the design responses to the need to reimagine spaces and places