From 0 to 20: An evolutionary analysis of Open Design and Open Manufacturing

Silvia Gasparotto

Abstract


The paper presents an analysis of the evolution of Open Design and Open Manufacturing from 2000 to 2020. The two phenomena are examined by taking into account real experiences in these fields in order to track the most relevant developments. The first step of the research consisted in the identification of the best-known and most often-cited experiences, which have been collected into four different subsets, according to their type, and organised into a chronological visualization.  The second step of the research involved the identification and description of three case studies, one for each of the main types: Instructables, OpenStructures and Precious Plastics. Finally, the paper identifies three main time frames, and expresses the constructive and the critical aspects of the two open processes, concluding with a speculation on three possible futures.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4013/sdrj.2020.131.05

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