Innovation in the Design of Inclusive Toys: Development and Evaluation of a Prototype for Visually Impaired Children


  • Aline Darc Piculo dos Santos UNESP
  • Galdenoro Botura Junior UNESP
  • Fausto Orsi Medola UNESP


A visually impaired child, if not stimulated, may face delays in motor, cognitive and social development. A simple, didactic and playful method to stimulate these skills is through toys. Although the importance of the toy is recognized by child behavior' researchers, it is noted a lack of inclusive toys available in the market. This paper presents the development and evaluation of an inclusive toy prototype for visually impaired children in preschool adopting inclusive design principles in the project. We conducted an electronic research with health and education professionals, evaluating their perceptions about the inclusive features of the prototype, to understand if these features can be considered as an innovation strategy to the industry and if the toy has potential as an instrument of stimulation for visually impaired children. The results show that 90% of the participants believe that the prototype is attractive for visually impaired children and 81% that is suitable for 3 to 6 years children. Besides, 97% considered it inclusive and 64% as innovative. In relation to the stimuli provided, the agreement was always positive: 97% believe that it will stimulate the touch, 65% sight, 62% motor coordination, 78% imagination, 84% curiosity and 58% autonomy of the child.

Author Biographies

Aline Darc Piculo dos Santos, UNESP

Product Designer graduated at UNESP with a master's degree in Design (Ergonomics), currently pursuing her PhD in Design at UNESP. Member of the Laboratory of Ergonomics and Interfaces and studies about visual impairment, assistive technology, inclusive design, and usability.

Galdenoro Botura Junior, UNESP

Professor at Design Graduate Program at UNESP

Fausto Orsi Medola, UNESP

Professor at Design Graduate Program at UNESP