Rebelliousness and mystique as possibilities to the construction of democracy in Bergson




In his latest work, The Two Sources of Morality and Religion, Henri Bergson investigates the origins, the development and the maintenance of human society through the distinction between the closed society, based on the primitive life-preserving instincts, and the open society, founded on the aspiration that impels the man to build a more harmonious life in society. According to the author, the democratic ideals are the result of the openness that the societies needs for their progress, which, little by little, would soften the pressure of the demands imposed by the nature for the conservation of life in society and would allow men to live more freely and more affectionately towards a more just society and without so many conflicts and deaths. However, how can we escape the determinations that nature has imposed in order to maintain life in society and get men to open themselves to another kind of living together? This is the question that this article seeks to investigate.

Key-words: Bergson, morality, politics, mystique.

Author Biography

Gilberto Bettini Bonadio, Universidade Federal de São Paulo

Posdoctoral Reasearch at Universidade Federal de São Paulo