Por que a crença religiosa persiste na cultura? O conceito de epidemiologia de representação de Dan Sperber

José Carlos Sant'Anna

Resumo


Este texto tem por objetivo apresentar o problema teórico que a crença religiosa suscita em uma perspectiva evolutiva. A crença religiosa aparentemente não possui nenhum vestígio de ser um produto adaptativo da evolução humana, no entanto ela é fortemente aderente e pervasiva tanto individual quanto culturalmente. Para dissolver esse problema, a crença religiosa será abordada a partir das ciências cognitivas da religião, em especial sob o foco epidemiológico de Dan Sperber. Como resultado, ela será considerada como um subproduto de outros módulos cognitivos, adquirindo, assim, um caráter peculiar de crença reflexiva.


Palavras-chave


Dan Sperber, epidemiologia de representação, ciências cognitivas da religião.

Referências


ATRAN, Scott. In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion. Oup Usa, 2002.

ATRAN, S.; NORENZAYAN, A. Religion's evolutionary landscape: counterintuition, commitment, compassion, communion. Behavioral and Brain Science. 27, 713–730. 2004.

BARRETT, Justin. Cognitive science and natural theology. In Cognitive Science, Religion, and Theology: From Human Minds to Divine Minds (pp. 146–169). Templeton Press, 2011.

BERING, Jesse. The belief instinct: The psychology of souls, destiny, and the meaning of life. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2011.

BOYER, Pascal. Functional origins of religious concepts: Conceptual and strategic selection in evolved minds. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 6: 195–214. 2000.

______. Religion Explained: The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought. Universidade de Virginia. Basic Books, 2001.

CARRUTHERS, Peter. The Architecture of the Mind: Massive Modularity and the Flexibility of Thought. Oxford University Press UK, 2006.

DAVIDSON, Donald. Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2001.

DAWKINS, Richard. The God delusion. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006.

DENNETT, Daniel. Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon. Viking, 2006.

DURKHEIM, Emile. The Rules of Sociological Method. London: The Free Press, 1982.

GEERTZ, Clifford. The Interpretation Of Cultures. Basic Books, 1973.

GOLDMAN, Alvin. Discrimination and perceptual knowledge. Journal of Philosophy 73 (November):771-791. 1976.

JENSINE, Andresen. Religion in Mind: Cognitive Perspectives on Religious Belief, Ritual, and Experience. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

LAWSON, E. Thomas; McCAULEY, Robert. Rethinking religion: connecting cognition and culture. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

LEGARE, Cristine; et al. The coexistence of natural and supernatural explanations across cultures and development. Child Development 83: 779–793, 2012.

LIU, Shari; SPELKE, Elizabeth. Six-month-old infants expect agents to minimize the cost of their actions. Cognition 160:35-42. 2017.

LUZ, Alexandre Meyer. Conhecimento e justificação: problemas de epistemologia contemporânea. Dissertatio. Pelotas, RS, 2013.

MARTIN, Luther; WIEBE, Donald. Religion Explained? The Cognitive of Religion After Twenty-Five Years. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2017.

MAYR, Ernst. What Evolution is. New York, Basic Books, 2001.

McCAULEY, Robert. Philosophical foundations of cognitive science of religion. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2017.

McDOWELL, John. Mind and World. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. 1994.

NÄREAHO, Leo. Cognitive science of religion and theism: How can they be compatible? Religious Studies 50: 51–66, 2014.

O’BRIEN, Dan. An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. Polity, 2006.

PAPINEAU, David. “Naturalism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2016 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = .

PINKER, Steven. The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature. Viking, 2002.

______. How minds works. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company. 1997.

SEARLE, John. Intentionality. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983.

SELLARS, W. Empirismo e filosofia da mente. Petrópolis: Vozes, 2008.

SPERBER, Dan; HIRSCHFELD, Lawrence. Culture and modularity. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents, 2007.

SPERBER, Dan. Explaining culture, a naturalistic approach. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1996.

______. Intuitive and reflective beliefs. Mind and Language 12 (1):67-83, 1997.

______. Metarepresentations in an evolutionary perspective. Chapter 5, 117-137. Oxford University Press, 2000.

______. The modularity of thought and the epidemiology of representations. In Mapping the mind: Domain specificity in cognition and culture: 39-67. New York, Cambridge University Press, 1994.

STERELNY, Kim. Religion re-explained. In Religion, Brain & Behavior, DOI: 10.1080/2153599X.2017.1323779. 2017.

TOMASELLO, Michael. The Cultural Origins of Human Cognition. Harvard University Press, 1999.

TOOBY, John; COSMIDES, Leda. The past explains the present: emotional adaptations and the structure of ancestral environments. In Ethnology and Sociobiology 11, 375-424. 1990.

______. "The Psychological Foundations of Culture," in The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture, edited by Jerome H. Barkow, Leda Cosmides, and John Tooby, 19-136. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1992.


Texto completo: PDF

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


ISSN: 1808-5253 - Melhor visualizado no Mozilla Firefox

Licença Creative Commons
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

São Leopoldo, RS. Av. Unisinos, 950. Bairro Cristo Rei, CEP: 93.022-000. Atendimento Unisinos +55 (51) 3591 1122